Orkney also known as the Orkney Islands is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Caithness and comprises approximately 70 islands, of which 20 are inhabited. The largest island Mainland is often referred to as “the Mainland”.
It has an area of 523 square kilometres makingit thesixth largest Scottish island and the tenth largest island in the British Isles. The largest settlement and administrative cntre is Kirkwall. A form of the name dates to the pre-Roman era and the islands have inhabited for atleast 8500 years, originally occupied by Mesolithic and Neolithic tribes and then by the Picts.
Orkney was invaded and forcibly annexed by Norwayin 875 and settled by the Norse. The Scottish Parliament the re-annexed the earldom to the Scottish Orkney contains some of the oldest and best preserved Neolithic sites in Europe, and the “Heart of Neolithic Orkney” is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.